Monday, July 26, 2010

Chaucer horses



Salve,
I recently had  my son Jasio read  the kid's version by Marcian Williams   Chaucers-Canterbury-Tales-Marcia-Williams and then watch BBC series for kids  canterburytales   , versions of the  original   Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales.' Note that an early 1900s edition of this book can be read and downloaded here - (Canterbury Tales from google)

 By the way, we should remember that word 'canter' to denote a 'slow gallop' in today's  English actually comes from the ambling pace of the Canterbury pilgrims' horses - where canter is an abbreviation of word Canterbury.  Hence Canterbury gallop or Canterbury pace* were phrases applied to the easy, ambling pace at which horse ridding prilgrims went to the shrine of St. Thomas a Becket at Canterbury. As these pacing horses were gradually forced out of the breeding and training in England by the growing numbers of trotting and galloping English thoroughbreds, the term 'canter' or 'easy gallop' of these Throughbres was adopted into the English language hippological vocabulary and on vernacular vocabulary, at end of XVII century and beginning of XVIII century.

And now I found this paper by that is examining horses in Chaucer's tales Mounted Menagerie
Intriguing reading into the medieval horse world, I daresay.

Please find Chaucer's horses as described in the Tales: from the Prologue by Nevill Coghill, Penguin Classics, 1951:
The Wife of Bath
Easily on an ambling horse she sat
Well wimpled up, and on her head a hat
As broad as is a buckler or a shield;
She had a flowing mantle that concealed
Large hips, her heels spurred sharply under that."

The Merchant
There was a Merchant with a forking beard
And motley dress; high on his horse he sat,
Upon his head a Flemish beaver hat
And on his feet daintily buckled boots."
The Plowman
"He wore a tabard smock, and rode a mare."
The Reeve
"The stallion-cob he rode at a slow trot
Was dapple-grey and bore the name of Scot."
The Monk
"A monk there was, one of the finest sort
Who rode the country; hunting was his sport.
A manly man, to be an Abbot able;
Many a dainty horse he had in stable.
His bridle, when he rode, a man might hear
Jingling in a whistling wind as clear,
Aye, and as loud as does the chapel bell.....
His palfrey was as brown as is a berry."
The Skipper (sailor)
"He rode a farmer's horse as best he could."
  the text above comes from this website fellpony
some images of the Tales personages
the Manciple rider I
wife of bath  rider II
rider III
knight rider IV

Friday, July 23, 2010

Neo-Assyrian kingdom and her neighbors equids


Salve,
Neo-Assyrian Kigdom ( List of Assyrian kings  ) and its  art ( wiki/Neo-Assyrian_Empire   books.google Arts of Assyria  ) always invokes the strongest feelings because of a degree of brutality shown (in this XIX century book there are many images taken from Assyrian sculptures showing that side of their art  Assyria  ).
But at the same time their art is the best place where to find images of fabulous horses, horse tack and ample evidence of horsemanship for the period between 900 to 600 ( I millennium) BC (BCE).
From the cuneiform tablets we can learn that the best breeding ground for the  horses were in Mannea, east and south of Lake Urmia (  wiki/Lake_urmia  ).  Their horsemen were allegedly the first non-steppe cavalry organized in the so called civilized world of Western Asia, and their art gives ample proof of gradual changes in the horse tack, seat and weaponry and armour for these horsemen.
Paintings from Til Barsip, strategic Assyrian stronghold  located along the eastern bank of the Euphrates River, c.100km northeast of Aleppo, Syria, provide beautiful examples of Assyrian horses and their tack eg til barsip chariot  some originals at Louvre and Aleppo Museum, many paintings copied by Lucien Cavro (I got mine from Andre Parrot, The Arts of Assyria Arts Assyria Parrot  )
Assyria had many enemies, including Egypt, Syrian princedoms, Elam  iranica.com elam , desert nomads, Medes, Persians, Anatolians, Babylonians to name a few. War was essential to their survival and wealth, while a mighty stallion, whether mounted or pulling a chariot, was the symbol of it.

But since a picture is worth a thousand words lets show some links and pictures to these images.
horse head
horse head II
horse head III
horse head IV
this one is interesting as it shows king hunting the lion with a spear from horseback, a theme so common in the Iran's Sassanian art more than a thousand years later king with spear attacking a lion
onager or wild ass
hunting lions from a chariot
tribute
chariot horses
4 horses' team in king's chariot
using a horse whip while riding
a lion attackiing a king's saddle horse
grooming and watering horses
metal head protection -frontelet
luristan bronze horse tack
Assyrian influenced Cypriot bridle from VII century
enemies of Assyria Urartu Chariot
 Assyrian spolis Urarartian captured_horses
 Assyrian fighting the camel desert nomads
 Assyrian troops return
 Balawat palace door of Salmanassar
Balawat palace door of Salmanassar2

 elamite chariot
Assyrian horsemen
no metal breastplate for the Assyrian horse have been found thus far but this one was found at Mannean site of  Hasanlu Tepe, Iran ( CAIS hasanlu   hasanlu MET   CAIS porada-hasanlu   ) where best horses were bred for the Assyrians and their enemies alike,  and is dated to around 800 BC  hasanlu breastplate
with a book on this horse breastplate breastplate book

'Horse' books to read : 'Selected writings on chariots and other early vehicles, riding and harness' Littauer et al    Hyland Horse in the Ancient World   Azzaroli
Finally, from Assyria we get the very first image (during the reign of Ashurnasirpal II or Shalmaneser III  - palace at Nimrud, ancient Kalhu) of so called 'Parthian Shot,' a tactic of turning around in the 'saddle' and shooting arrows,  from one's bow while  sitting astride a cantering or  galloping horse, at the pursing enemy. 
Here, the  Assyrian royal chariot is pursuing these most likely Iranian Skuda mounted riders and one of  them is about to fire his arrow at the chariot crew.




Head hunting and bow shooting Cimmerians and later Scythians/Skuda/Saka 


attacked and wrecked the kingdoms of  Assyria's enemies from Anatolia -   kingdom of Urartu and Phrygia  and  Mushki, but then next wave of these horsemen  lent their hands and bows   (in alliance with the Medes, who had finished off Urartu iranica.com/articles/media ) to the final destruction of  Assyria herself, at the end of the VII century,  and  the fall of the city of Harran marks the end of the Neo-Assyrian empire. Assyrian art would later surface in the Persian arts of the Achaemenid Empire etc.

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Spanish and Polish horses - Konie Hiszpanskie z 1840tych wedlug Teodora Tripplin


Salveos.
  Polish soldier, doctor of medicine,  writer and traveler Teodor Tripplin wiki/Teodor_Tripplin , during his voyages of 1837-38 visited Iberian Penninsula and North Africa - it resulted in a number of books and articles,. He was quite a character, and  some of his stories got published as 'Maurowie niegdyś w Hiszpanii, a dziś w Afryce.' (Moors once in Spain, today in Africa) in Biblioteka Warszawska,   vol. 1 of the 1851 edition ( the story run throughout the  4 volumes). He, accidently  being a veteran Polish horse soldier, wrote, on pages 422-424, about Spanish horses of Jerez stud and put some comment on the Polish horses too in the context of the Spanish ones. I may translate his writings into English but for now  the Polish original for Polish readers -

"Miasto Xeres [JEREZ DE LA FRONTERA) leży wysoko na wyniesionej, cokolwiek pochyło ściętej opoce: Na lewo piętrzy się ogromny taras, który mieszkańcom służy za miejsce przechadzki. Bramy i obwodne mury ustąpiły domom, w miarę, jak się ludność miasta powiększyła; dziś dochodzi do 40,000, i wzmaga się ciągle w dostatki ta ludność; wszakżeż to stolica wybornych win i sławnych rumaków. ,, , •

Z wysokości obłoków nie spadajmy do głębokości piwnic, ale namówmy naszego Pegaza do fraternizowania ze swemi nieskrzydlatemi braćmi, którzy tutaj tak wesoło, tak swobodnie na polu pląsają. Sióstr tu nie masz wprawdzie; zwyczajem maurytańskim trzymają tutaj pleć piękną czworonożną pod szczególnćm i bardzo starannem zamknięciem; męzką zaś utrzymują w zupełnej niewiadomości, że coś podobnego, jak klacz lub kobyła, istnieje. Mówią, że takie wychowanie przykłada się wiele do utrzymania rasy w pełnej swój szlachetności.

Stadnina, z którą fraternizujemy w tej chwili, liczna i czysto-andaluzka, miała wprzódy zaszczyt należeć do Ojców Kamedułów, posiadających ów niezmierny klasztor tuż pod^Xeresem. Nieubłagany edykt Mendizabala pozbawił poczciwych ojców przytułku, wraz z niewinną przyjemnością trudnienia się rozmnażaniem rasy końskiej. Stadninę kupił z dobrami jeden hidalgo, w spółce z kilkoma majętnemi wieśniakami.

Konie czystej andaluzkiej rasy mają prawie bez wyjątku dwa ważne biedy piękności: tojest głowę wielką, rysów cokolwiek pospolitych, i krzyż cokolwiek wązki, zniżający się pochyło, nieco śwhkki jak to mówią. Zdawałoby się, że konie te słabe są w zadzie, a jednakże to się nie sprawdza, bo i nadzwyczajnie dobrze skaczą, i do dziesięciu mil geograficznych pod jeźdźcem ubiedz są w stanie bez schwacenia się, lub też zbytniego znużenia. . Inny błąd, według mnie także bardzo ważny, leży w ustroju tylnych nóg zanadto, wygiętych, a zatem zadaleko prześcigających przednie nogi. Krok takich koni jest długi, posuwisty, ale w wypuszczonym kłusie tylne kopyta zacinają się o przednie. W galopie niedogodność ta wcale się nie spostrzega, dlatego też Andalu* rzadko używa kłusa.

Konie andaluzkie nie tak prędko dorastają i dojrzewają, jak, stosunkowo mówiąc, ludzie tego kraju. Dopiero w siódmym roku przychodzą do swej właściwej siły; lecz za to nieprędko L pola schodzą. Konie wierzchowe dwadzieścia lat mające jeszcze są szybkie, giętkie i wytrzymałe. Późne rozwijanie się koni andaluzkich, pochodzi zapewnie także ze sposobu wychowywania ich w znanej nam niewiadomości. Do czwartego roku tak są dzikie, chude i kudłate, że pojąć nie można, żeby z takiego stworzenia wyrobił się koń silny i piękny.

,.i DonDiego Gonzales deRibeira pokazał mi pysznego bułanego ogiera, u którego, prócz łba cokolwiek wielkiego, nie było nic a nic do zganienia; krzyż bowiem miał piękny i nogi nie zanadto wygięte. Rosły, silny w kościach, z grzywą i z ogonem koloru jedwabiu surowego, a włosa tak bogatego, że aż na ziemię spływał, koń ten miał dumny, wysoki chód, a w galopie tak orał ziemię, jak gdyby ją chciał w kawały rozbić. Właściciel żądał za niego 12,000 złp. Piękne i wielkie konie zawsze są w Hiszpanii i drogie i rzadkie. Za konia jako tako zdatnego pod oficera kawaleryi lekkiój, zapłacić trzeba przynajmniej 1400 złp. Dodam ta jeszcze, że Hiszpanie nigdy klaczy pod wićrzch nie używają, ani tóż nigdy ogierów nie wałaszą. Zdaje się, że cała siła konia andaluzkiego spoczywa w jego męzkości; gdy ją raz postrada, przepadł do wszystkiego.

Pewny jestem, że nasza polska rasa koni, tak ładna i silna, w rękach umiejętnych i dbałych o jej sławę gospodarzy, wyższejby mogła dostąpić doskonałości, jak rasa andaluzka. Ale wlec za sobą źrebięta, zaledwie kilka tygodni żyjące, na wszystkie jarmarki i imieniny, zaprzęgać je do kocza w konkury, gdy zaledwie trzech lal dojdą, jestto barbarzyństwo, prowadzące najoczywiścićj do spodlenia całego plemienia koni.

W sztuce ujeżdżania koni Hiszpan bardzo jeszcze nizko stoi. Siedzi on wprawdzie mocno na koniu, z urodzenia bowiem śmiałym jest jeźdzcem; ale nie potrafi obejść się umiejętnie z koniem, nadać mu dobre chody, wygiąć go należycie w wstawach. Konie andaluzkie daleko są łagodniejsze i rozumniejsze jak nasze; uporu nie mają żadnego, niełatwo je znarowić, i łatwą bardzo pracą możnaby z nich wszystko zrobić, możnaby ich wszystkich sztuk nauczyć. Pomimo tego Hiszpan kładzie swemu koniowi munsztuk tak mocny, żeby nim hippopotama ujeździł, przytóm wędzidło do ściskania języka opatrzone jest sztangami, na dziewięć cali długiemi. Takim munsztukiem można wywierać nieograniczoną siłę na biódne zwierzę, można go odrazu osadzić na zadzie. Hiszpan namiętnie lubi używać takich rycersko-żakoskich effektów, drzćć galopem po bruku, raptem, krótko parować konia w najbystrzejszym biegu. .

Eleganci madryccy zaprowadzili gonitwy konne na sposób angielskich; koń hiszpański jednakże nie celuje wcale szybkością biegu, i w tym względzie o tyle jest niższym od naszego, ile nasz od angielskiego. ••/'•'' : • " ' ' "

•• Dość tutaj o koniach, wróćmy znów nad obłoki."

taken from google books editon of Biblioteka Warszawska, page 422-24, vol 1, 1851.  tripplin dzieje maurow
ps
 little sketch of mine above

Tuesday, July 20, 2010

China I - Tang Taizong and his steeds




Salve,
I am planing to start blogging more about the Eastern Eurasian Steppe, the Altai Saka, Xiongnu, Tocharians of Eastern Turkestan, Turkic empires, Mongolian and Chinese cavalry and horsemanship. While I am not planing to abandon European knights and horses, I think I must devote much more space and time to these splendid cavaliers of the Ordos Steppe and Orkhon River plains.

Actually, I am very fascinated with the early nomads of the eastern Eurasia, especially the Upper Altai of South Siberia during the Bronze Age and in the first millennium BC . And in the light of their development in the arts of horsemanship and horse tack, their ( Saka and Xiongnu) influence on their southern neighbours - the Chin, Han, Sui and Tang Chinese, and the Koreans and Tibetans.
I have been working on some illustrations showing Tang and Sui Chinese horse tack based on their art, especially the famous sculpted horses. We shall revisit writings of Karl Hrinz Ranitzsch, Albert Dien, Di Cosmo, and other scholars studying Han, Sui and Tang Chinese cavalries (that were not necessarily Han Chinese per se, but included Saka, Tocharians, Xiongnu, Persians, Uigurs, Turks, Tibetans etc).
So let us treat this entry as a introduction to the subject or perhaps rather an announcement. And in order to put some cream on this bland cake :) let me provide you with a link to the fascinating subject regarding my most favorite emperor of the Chinese history - Tang Taizong http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Taizong_of_Tang - and his six horses.
This link comes via Facebook from Penn State and it is the entire dissertation of Xiugin Zhou on the Tang Taizong mausoleum to himself and his six steeds - tang taizong horses
http://www.facebook.com/note_redirect.php?note_id=115480258202&h=b0fb8c794d67ba8b6b81c9cdfb099f60&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sino-platonic.org%2Fcomplete%2Fspp187_taizong_emperor.pdf

In addition there is this essential work on the Eastern Eurasian horse warriors and their swords during the ancient and early medieval periods - titled 'The Long Sword and Scabbard Slide in Asia'by William Trousdale, profusely illustrated with period images smithsoniananthropologyTrousdale
http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/anthropology/SC_Abstract.cfm

I hope to start writing soon on these Eastern horses and their riders

ps
for some reason my links did not want to display themselves properly so I am attaching them for a 'copy and paste' 'linking'

Sunday, July 18, 2010

Polish-Lithuanian warrior with his Polish sighthound


Salve,
during the XV century  through first half of  XX century Polish chart/ plural charty/  (sighthound   chart_polski/  ) was a close companion of the Polish-Lithuanian noblity, especially during their military campaigns and hunting excursions into the vastness of  our steppes and forests.

 These beautiful dogs, often called wolf-hounds, as they were great against wolves,  are often present in the paintings  and memoirs (most accessible in English famous  Pasek Memoirs   page 255 )  of this bygone era.
 In more modern literature, in the Polish writer Bohdan Krolikowski's cycle of fantastic and beautifully written trilogy on the Swedish and Muscovy wars of the mid XVII century, the main hero Blażej Siennicki had a near death experience while hunting with his companions and their Polish charty in the vicinity of the Swedish army, forgetting that the war was all around them.
Hunting in spite of  war all around the hunters always brings to my imagination the famous chase that Scythian nobles undertook after a hare that had appeared between their own lines and the Achaemenid Persian of Darius the Great army arrayed for battle - or so wrote in his Ἱστορίαι  Herodotos (Book IV).
Our Polish chart is a close cousin of Russian borzoi (nice little book on borzoi observed in the early XX century here  observations on Borzoi ). Nota bene Polish sighthound was often called 'Polish borzoi' (swift or fast) dog in the XIX century, and belonged to the great Asian family of  borzoi dogs (sighthounds), for  it was also a cousin of a dog from southern Ukraine called Crimean borzoi, bred by both arch-enemies and sometimes friends of their northern neighbors-  the Crimean Tatars, and the Central Asian borzoi that was bred by the Central Asian nomads from time immemorial :); also a cousin of Moldavian sighthound, Caucasus sighthound, Persian sighthound etc.

Polish painter Juliusz Kossak  ( .wikipedia /Juliusz_Kossak  ) often painted these splendid dogs in   XVII-XIX century settings, the first scene most likely he observed in person eg:


My drawing was done with a 'F' size  Rotring Artpen and watercolor brushes, and then I worked it a little bit  with GIMP Paint Studio and Wacom tablet.

Eques Walachus - Wallachian knight second half of XVI century



Salve,
early this month  I did some travel across the Big Pond and while on a plane I was working, with  a ball pen, on my quick sketch done after  the  plate 111 in the  monumental work 'Zolnierz Polski,' vol 1 (Polish Soldier) by colonel Bronislaw Gembarzewski.

In the original plate mosci Gembarzewski drew two Wallachian ( Wallachia  ) warriors after 1581 print by Abraham de Bruyn.
I drew the horse and some of its tack after the Gembarzewski's Figure A, in turn  itself  based on de Bruyn's one  titled 'Eques Walachus'. The rider's costume is done after the Figure B from the same de Bruyn's plate, titled 'Militis ex Walachia vestitus' (knight/warrior dressed in the Wallachian fashion).
Bows and arrows. short lance, horse curb-bit, the saddle etc are my own additions. I drew the Balkan shield attached on the the right side behind the saddle in order to show more saddle etc. The stirrup probably should be rounder, and I will change that on my color version of this drawing.
I run my drawing through the GIMP Paint Studio cartoon filter to give a bit of a woodcut look.
I hoping to draw more horse and rider figures after mosci Gembarzewski's work in the coming months.

Friday, July 16, 2010

old watercolor, pen & ink Napoleonic Polish cavalry images

Salve,
today I am still capitalizing on my old artowrk, and I am presenting 3 old pen and ink, watercolor and watercolor pencil images that I have run through GIMP cartoon filter
This one is my, rather poor,  copy  of the Colonel Bronislaw Gembarzewski watercolor done almost a hundred years ago. It shows an officer of the Napoleon's  Polish Guard regiment of cheavaux-legers


The second is my color pencils and watercolors sketch of such officer  bearing a message :) at least that was my intent. I could not control the color  with these water soluble pencils.


Final one is a drawing of a Duchy of Warsaw Uhlan. I think I did draw this copying the some other pen and ink drawing by JOB or Begnini or some other military artist. I added the clolors to the rider and horse with watercolor and the background with GIMP Paint studio.
Last year  Poland's premier military Napoleonic publishers, Wyd. Karabela (this is a family onwed little company, led by a woman, and I am proud to say I met them at the Kluszyn 2010 celebration in Warsaw two weeks ago),  gave us  splendid books on the uhlans, Vistula Legion  and Chevaux-legers Polonais, fantastically illustrated  with  these amazingly precise and artful plates (as seen in the links) by artist-historian Ryszard Morawski ( who is already in his 80s!)   .karabela.waw.pl/ulani.htm   www.karabela.waw.pl/legia.htm  www.karabela.waw.pl/gwardia.htm

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

More old watercolor, pen & ink Old Polish horse and rider images

Salve,
In my old stash of watercolors and drawings I found these two sketches.
A hussar charge

a Polish II half of the XVII century Pancerny (medium cavalry) companion
I actually have a growing folder with more recent kozak and pancerni drawings and GIMP & MyPaint imagoes

new Turkish horses with warriors sketches

Marhaba,
 I have been working on these two sketches of Turkish horses/warriors of different time periods - early Middle Ages and Ottoman empire.
the first one is going to show a retainer with a warhorse -roughly II part of the XVII century, but there is much more work to be done


the second it is going to show a Turkish horseman from the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in Anatolia
Seljuk_Sultanate Rum and this is just a rough sketch

some old sketches of Napoleonic subjects

 salve,
My last trip to Poland was very fruitful in so many ways.  In regards to my old drawings and watercolors I was able to salvage some and photograph some, although the paper I had used on them 'went south' and I afraid will continue deterioration.
Anyway, long time ago, 20 years or so,  I drew these images of French Napoleonic cavalry based on different drawings by JOB, Benigni etc. At that time I was very interested in anything Napoleonic, no so anymore I am afraid.
Now I just added the cartoon function when resizing them on GIMP Paint Studio.
Enjoy




Friday, July 9, 2010

klushino 1610-2010 in Warsaw/ Kluszyn w Warszawie


Salve,
400 anniversary of the Klushino battle took place this past weekend in Warsaw, Republic of Poland. For me this was the very first historical reenactment that I participated as a reenactor.
Many things could be said about the event and people participating in it, but definitely for me this was one very interesting meeting with the 'living history from a saddle etc. From cavalry to infantries of various nations - Czechs, Russians, Poles, Ukrainian etc - one could see how much work and passion had been dedicated to the reconstruction of the period costumes, arms and armor, camps, cooking utensils, food etc, in order to present to the modern, technology-driven world palpable and historical reconstruction of the XVII century life. There were also female camp followers and noble ladies, some dressed in  splendidly reconstructed courtly dresses etc.
Finally, the horsemen of husaria were there, in greatest numbers ever, with lances, wild pelts of animals, splendid horse tack on mostly well trained mounts, fancy weapons and armor - lovely and yet menacing sight to behold.



Polish actor Krzysztof Wakulinski Krzysztof_Wakulinski commanded the field as hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski, and narration was provided by another famous Polish actor  Olgierd Lukaszewicz Olgierd_ Lukaszewicz

Many good people were there, eg  in the above photo Polish writer Jacek Komuda  www.samozwaniec.info/archiwum.php , wearing a delia with a fur collar over  hussar armor and nice shishak, ridding his dapple grey mare.
 The principal organizer Bartek Siedlar  http://www.hussar.com.pl/13063/kluszyn-1610-2010-wasze-zdjecia-i-filmy ) was the spiritus movens of the event  and actual director of the event - that was also filmed - while I would like to especially thank Agnieszka for providing me with a nice Anglo-Arabian steed  Emir so I could ride on the battlefield and participate in some action on Sunday July 4, 2010.
I was especially impressed with  'Jareks' of Gniew Husar Banner  http://www.zamek-gniew.pl/index.php?mod=more&idsel=77 - their hussar spirit and splendid reconstruction of  husaria.


My friend Karol, Napoleonic reenactor and passionate propagator of historic riding, came to observe and we had a very interesting discussion on riding long, Xenophon, gaited horses of the past and Old Polish horsemanship with Tara and Rick Suligowski, US premier hussar, from California [sic!]
Polish, Ukrainian, Muscovite (Russian) and Czech infantry provided necessary firepower, and powder smoke at times was covering the field while cannon shots were thundering across the Vistula River meadow, where lots of debris from the Nazi Germany ruined and destroyed the Warsaw's medieval Old Town had been deposited during the post war reconstruction. Thus this past Sunday we accidentally walked and rode over some Old Warsaw stones and fragmented bricks that husaria might have walked many hundreds years ago.

Pictures posted here were taken by my niece Pati... with some help from my little son Jasio - :)
Please find linked galleries of photos taken there by various people and participants. Pictures will speak by themselves
do enjoy :)
 http://picasaweb.google.com/spottheweb/2010070304BitwaPodKUszynem#
http://picasaweb.google.com/108881231175947834151/Obchody400RocznicyBitwyPodKUszynem03072010#

http://picasaweb.google.com/Janusz.Pietrasik/BitwaPodKUszynem1610#

http://picasaweb.google.com/tweete79/BitwaPodKUszynem400Lat04072010#

http://picasaweb.google.com/tytus1239/KUszyn2010#

http://picasaweb.google.com/awesela/KUszynInscenizacja20100703#
http://picasaweb.google.com/Dawid.Piech/20100703KUszyn#
http://picasaweb.google.pl/albumyAbrata/KUszyn1610Warszawa2010#
http://picasaweb.google.com/114451786360711332970/20100704BitwaPodKUszynem#
http://picasaweb.google.com/patrycja.lon/400RocznicaBitwyPodKUszynem02#
http://picasaweb.google.com/elanar82/ObchodyRocznicyBitwyPodKUszynem04072010#
http://picasaweb.google.com/mikeskil/Kluszyn2010#

Saturday, July 3, 2010

American Indians - old drawings II


Salve,
 watercolor, pen and ink drawings of Native American horsemen - after all it is 4th of July, US Finest Day -  na zdrowie (to your health) America!

American Indians -old drawings I


Salve,
 more old Native American watercolor, pen and ink drawings, Kiowa above and Crow (Absaroke) below..

Friday, July 2, 2010

Horses-old drawings I


Salve,
 some more old horses in my ink and watercolor drawings -:) Old West, Indian war pony, and some race horse of English blood.

Horses - old drawings

Salve,
some horse drawings from my old sketchbooks,  done with pen and ink and watercolor

American Indians - my old drawings


Salve,
I am in Poland and I have found some of my old sketch books with some old drawings.
I am going to show some of these here, as I am going to talk more about the American Indians/Native Americans and their horses, and their horse tack.
 So allow me to start with some two decades old pen and ink and watercolor drawings.